Strength training is a type of physical exercise that uses resistance to induce muscular contraction. This type of training builds strength, anaerobic endurance and size of skeletal muscles. Strength training is an appropriate method of training for individuals with a goal of muscle building, muscle toning and overall strength.
When properly performed, strength training can provide significant functional benefits and improvement in overall health and well-being. Benefits can include increased muscle, tendon and ligament strength and toughness, improved joint function, reduced potential for injury, increased bone mineral density, increased metabolism, improved cardiac function and elevated HDL ("good") cholesterol. Strength training incorporates the technique of progressively increasing the force output of the muscle through incremental weight increases. Strength training uses a variety of exercises and equipment types to target specific muscle groups.